IBM EC12 (IBM 2827) SPECS
A refurbished IBM EC12 could be the hardware your business needs to process massive amounts of data in a short amount of time. Whether you’re powering a cloud network, taking advantage of machine learning analytical capabilities or simply adding efficiency to your IT operations, a used IBM 2827 is a solid choice. Because your company’s reputation depends on it, this machine is built with powerful security features that protect your data.
IBM EC12 (2827) Table of Contents
A major market shift is occurring across the globe today. Clients are beginning to build up their use of social computing and mobile technologies as integral parts of their enterprise solutions, placing increased demands on data as they look for new ways to protect, analyze, and use data, while simultaneously reducing IT costs. The demand for smarter solutions that leverage data are stressing enterprises to achieve higher service levels and heightened levels of availability and performance, and to deliver more completely secured solutions, especially as they invest in new service delivery models like Cloud. The IBM zEnterprise EC12 (zEC12)(TM) has up to 50% more total system capacity, availability and security enhancements, and a robust hybrid infrastructure, to offer an enterprise-class system designed for the needs of today’s smarter computing solutions. While maintaining IBM’s core workload strategies of data serving and transaction processing, the IBM zEnterprise EC12 is designed to do so much more. It is excellent as a scalable and secure data repository for the enterprise, it is ideally suited as a private enterprise cloud, and it is also a cost-effective solution for large-scale consolidation. With IBM zEnterprise EC12, DB2 for z/OS, and the IBM DB2 Analytics Accelerator (IDAA) you can run your online transaction processing (OLTP) and data warehouse as one integrated workload in real time. The IBM zEnterprise EC12 includes a Central Processor Complex (CPC), the zEnterprise BladeCenter Extension (zBX) Model 003 with support for POWER7 and x86 blades and the IBM WebSphere DataPower Integration Appliance XI50 for zEnterprise (DataPower XI50z), and the zEnterprise Unified Resource Manager (zManager) which provides System z governance and management to the infrastructure.
- Improved total system capacity in a 120-core design (up to 101 cores are client-configurable)
- Optimization and scale improvements starting at the core
- Massive scalability for secure data serving and transaction processing and large-scale consolidation
- Increased scalability with 60 available subcapacity settings
- Hexa-core 5.5 GHz processor chips design with a boost in performance for all workloads
- Second-generation out-of-order design
- Larger cache sizes to optimize data serving environments
- Data compression and cryptographic coprocessors on the chip
- Transactional Execution Facility designed to offer increased scalability and parallelism to drive higher transaction throughput
- Decimal-Floating-Point Zoned-Conversion Facility that can help to improve performance applications compiled with the new Enterprise PL/I compiler
- Up to 3 terabytes (TB) of available real memory per server for growing application needs (with up to 1 TB real memory per LPAR)
- Improved availability in the memory subsystem with Redundant Array of Independent Memory (RAIM)
- Crypto Express4S cryptographic adapter
- Support for the PCIe I/O drawer configuration
- Support for digital signatures with new PKCS #11
- Support for American Express EMV (Europay, Mastercard, Visa) cards
- IBM zAware cutting-edge pattern recognition analytics for fast insight into system health
- New Flash Express adapter card designed to help improve availability and performance
- Energy efficiencies in the data center
- New non-raised floor option, offering flexible possibilities for the data center
- Optional water cooling, providing the ability to cool systems with user-chilled water
- Optional high-voltage DC power, which can help System z clients save on their power bills
- Top exit power and I/O cabling designed to provide increased flexibility
- Unified Resource Manager, enabling management and virtualization of heterogeneous workloads. Unified Resource Manager manages the deployment of heterogeneous hardware resources based on individual workload requirements by providing:
- Performance management
- Integrated private data network
- Virtual server lifecycle management
- Hypervisor management
- Integrated operational controls
- Management as System z firmware
- Full upgradability to IBM zEnterprise EC12 from z196 and z10 EC, and full upgradability within the zEC12 family
Any zEC12 can be upgraded to another zEC12 hardware model. All upgrades to Models H20, H43, H66, and H89 are concurrent and all upgrades to HA1 are disruptive (that is, the system is unavailable during the upgrade). Any z196 or z10 EC model can be upgraded to any zEC12 model, which is also disruptive.
z196 upgrade to zEC12
When a z196 is upgraded to a zEC12, the z196 driver level must be at least 93. If a zBX is involved, the driver 93 must be at Bundle 27 or higher. When upgrading a z196 that controls a zBX Model 002 to a zEC12, the zBX is upgraded to a Model 003. That upgrade is disruptive.
The IBM zEnterprise EC12 CPC is designed with improved scale, performance, availability, and security, making the IBM zEnterprise EC12 an ideal platform for cloud computing, running integrated OLTP and data warehousing, and deploying IBM’s smarter computing industry solutions. The new 120-core design delivers massive scale across all workloads and enables cost saving consolidation opportunities. The IBM zEnterprise EC12 is designed to be a worldwide leader as a fast and scalable enterprise system and is based on IBM’s newest hexa-core 5.5 GHz application-tuned out-of-order superscalar chip, delivering over 78,000 millions of instructions per second (MIPS) in a single zEC12 footprint. The new microprocessor design delivers a boost to performance for all workloads.
Several architectural facilities have been added to the hardware. IBM zEnterprise EC12 will be the first general-purpose large-scale enterprise server with a Transactional Execution Facility, designed to help eliminate software locking overhead that can impact performance. Transactional Execution will offer increased scalability and parallelism to drive higher transaction throughput. IBM’s Java Runtime Environment is planned to exploit the Transactional Execution Facility in an upcoming maintenance roll-up (see Statement of general direction). The XL C/C++ compiler is planned to provide hardware built-in functions to enable applications to use the Transactional Execution Facility with a PTF at general availability. In z/OS V1.13, the XL C/C++ support is intended to be used for development and testing. The IBM Enterprise PL/I compiler is planned to exploit the new Decimal-Floating-Point Zoned-Conversion Facility for increased efficiency to improve performance. The Enhanced-DAT2 facility will enable exploitation of new 2 GB page frames by Java and others, offering increased efficiency for large memory structures to improve performance. The new Runtime Instrumentation Facility is designed to provide managed runtimes and just-in-time compilers with enhanced feedback on application behavior, allowing for improved self-tuning. Java is planned to exploit a significant set of the new instructions available on IBM zEnterprise EC12 (zEC12) servers. These changes to Java are designed to enhance array bounds checking, and help the system fetch data and instructions operate more efficiently (see Statement of general direction).
The IBM System z Advanced Workload Analysis Reporter (IBM zAware) is an integrated, self-learning, analytics solution that helps identify unusual behaviors of workloads running on z/OS LPARs. IBM zAware is intended to help you to accelerate problem determination and improve service levels. It uses machine learning to help your organization gain visibility into system behavior, helping you to optimize service, respond to problems quicker, and increase availability.
Cryptographic hardware on the IBM zEnterprise EC12 can help to protect data privacy and sensitive custom applications. Today we are introducing the Crypto Express4S card, IBM’s latest tamper-resistant cryptographic coprocessor. The card is suited to applications requiring high-speed security-sensitive cryptographic operations for data encryption and digital signing, and secure management and use of cryptographic keys.
With the zBX infrastructure, IBM zEnterprise EC12 can support a multi-platform environment having mainframe, UNIX, and x86 technologies in a single system. The zBX can also support the IBM WebSphere DataPower Integration Appliance XI50 for zEnterprise which can be used to help simplify, govern, secure, and integrate XML and IT services by providing connectivity, gateway functions, data transformation, protocol bridging, and intelligent load distribution. Unified Resource Manager brings System z governance to the distributed side, transforming the way resources are managed and deployed. It provides infrastructure awareness to optimize the system resources in accordance with the policies assigned to that particular workload.
The latest member of the zEnterprise family is the IBM zEnterprise EC12 (zEC12),(TM) which is designed to deliver new levels of performance and capacity for large-scale consolidation and growth, support for the next generation of digital signature security support, cutting-edge pattern recognition analytics for fast insight into system health, and new environmental capabilities such as the non-raised floor option on radiator-based air-cooled systems. Well-integrated designs for the IBM zEnterprise EC12 (zEC12) and the z/OS operating system yield immediate exploitation benefits, with support for hardware features including Flash Express, hardware transactional memory, IBM zAware, and encryption technologies. Other System z-based operating systems including Linux on System z, z/VM, z/VSE, and z/TPF also provide immediate support for and exploitation of a number of hardware features. In addition, zEC12 supports heterogeneous platform requirements with the IBM zEnterprise BladeCenter(R) Extension (zBX) Model 003 and IBM zEnterprise Unified Resource Manager for extending management strengths to other systems and workloads running on AIX(R) on POWER7(R), Linux on IBM System x(R), and Microsoft Windows on IBM System x servers.
The IBM zEnterprise EC12 is designed to provide:
- Up to 25% faster uniprocessor performance as compared to z196
- Up to 50% system capacity performance improvement over z196 80-way
- 101 cores to configure (versus 80 on z196)
- 161 capacity settings (versus 125 on z196)
- Up to 3 TB RAIM memory
- Radiator-based air-cooled system design
- z/Architecture enhancements designed to enable performance improvements in Linux, Java, and DB2
- Enhanced cache design
- zBX Model 003 upgradeable from zBX Model 002
- IBM zAware for improved problem determination
- OSA-Express4S 1000BASE-T included in PCIe Gen2 I/O infrastructure
- 8 GBps host bus supporting PCIe Gen2 I/O infrastructure
- Crypto Express4S with FIPS 140-2 Level 4 certification and PKCS #11 support for digital signatures
- Flash Express to handle paging workload spikes and improve availability
- Non-raised floor (NRF) option for flexibility in data center integration
- Continuation of optional water cooling and DC power
- Optional overhead power and overhead cabling
- Hypervisor updates
- Storage manager updates
- The proprietary service state package
zEC12 6-Core Chip Details
The zEC12 PU chip is an evolution of the z196 core design. It uses CMOS 13S technology, out-of-order instruction processing, higher clock frequency, and redesigned and larger caches. Compute-intensive workloads can achieve more performance improvements through compiler enhancements, and larger caches can improve system performance on many production workloads.
Each PU chip has up to six active cores that run at 5.5 GHz, which means that the cycle time is slightly shorter than 0.18 ns. There are six PU chips on each
MCM. The PU chips come in three versions: four, five, and six active cores. For models H20, H43, H66, and H89, the processor units in the MCM in each book are implemented with 27 active cores per MCM. This configuration means that model H20 has 27, model H43 has 54, model H66 has 81, and model H89 has 108 active cores. Model HA1 has 30 active cores per MCM. This configuration means that there are 120 active cores on model HA1.
Each PU chip has 2.75 billion transistors. Each one of the six cores has its own L1 cache with 64 KB for instructions and 96 KB for data. Next to each core is its private L2 cache, with 1 MB for instructions and 1 MB for data. Each one of the six cores has one L3 cache, with 48 MB. This 48 MB L3 cache is a store-in shared cache across all cores in the PU chip. It has 192 x 512 KB eDRAM macros, dual address-sliced and dual store pipe support, an integrated on-chip coherency anager, cache, and cross-bar switch. The L3 directory filters queries from the local L4. Both L3 slices can deliver up to 160 GBps bandwidth to each core simultaneously. The L3 cache interconnects the six cores, GX I/O buses, and memory controllers (MCs) with storage control (SC) chips.
Inside the IBM zEC12 2827
IBM zEC12 2827 MIPS Chart
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IBM EC12 (IBM 2827) Maintenance
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